Safe Mining Assessment of Artisanal Barite Mining Activities in Nigeria

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dc.contributor.author Afolayan, David Oluwasegun
dc.contributor.author Onwualu, Azikiwe Peter
dc.contributor.author Eggleston, Carrick McAfee
dc.contributor.author Adetunji, Adelana Rasak
dc.contributor.author v, Mingjiang
dc.contributor.author Amankwah, Richard Kwasi
dc.date.accessioned 2021-10-04T09:46:39Z
dc.date.available 2021-10-04T09:46:39Z
dc.date.issued 2021-09-18
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.rsif-paset.org/xmlui/handle/123456789/130
dc.description Journal Article en_US
dc.description.abstract Barite, used in mud formulation, is mined in several places to support the industry. However, there is insufficient literature on the downside of mining and associated hazards, especially in the artisanal barite mining sector. This paper contains three parts. The initial section reviews major causes of mining accidents and health hazards in Nigeria. The second section examines existing but weak institutional frameworks and policies for artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in Nigeria. In the third part, data from questionnaires and heavy metal contamination assessment are compared with health and environmental standards to identify and characterize hazards. It was observed that 54% had health challenges traceable to illicit drugs, and 54% were ignorant about the use of safety kits. The UV-Vis, AAS, and ICP-MS analyses confirmed lead, barium, zinc, copper, and iron in the water samples. Index of geoaccumulation (Igeo) and contamination factor (CF) show that water samples are moderate to highly polluted by Pb2+, Ba2+, and highly contaminated. The chronic daily intake assessment and health quotient analysis revealed that the accumulation of lead and barium is possible and can initiate chronic diseases in humans over a long time. Certain safe mining protocols and controls are recommended. en_US
dc.publisher Mining en_US
dc.subject mining hazard; safe mining; miners; artisanal barite mining; mining sites en_US
dc.title Safe Mining Assessment of Artisanal Barite Mining Activities in Nigeria en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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