Characterization of barite reserves in Nigeria for use as weighting agent in drilling fluid

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dc.contributor.author Oluwasegun Afolayan, David
dc.contributor.author Rasak Adetunji, Adelana
dc.contributor.author Azikiwe, Peter Onwualu
dc.contributor.author Ogolo, Oghenerume
dc.contributor.author Kwasi Amankwah, Richard
dc.date.accessioned 2021-07-07T17:19:29Z
dc.date.available 2021-07-07T17:19:29Z
dc.date.issued 2021-04-29
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.rsif-paset.org/xmlui/handle/123456789/91
dc.description Journal Article en_US
dc.description.abstract Successful drilling operations are dependent on the properties of the drilling fluid used to drill wells. Barite is used as a weighting agent during the preparation of drilling fluid. Over the years, oil and gas industry in Nigeria has been depending mainly on imported barite for drilling operations, whereas the country has huge deposits of barite. There is the need to assess the properties of the locally sourced barite for their suitability in drilling fluid formulation. This study presents the local processing methods of barite and examines the crude and on-the-site processed barite’s physio-chemical properties. These parameters were compared with American Petroleum Institute and Department of Petroleum Resources standards. XRD results show that on-the-site beneficiated barite has 87.79% BaSO4, 6.66% silica, 0.03% total soluble salt, 1.39% Fe2O3, and 1.603% heavy metals. Chemical analysis indicated that the pH, moisture content, metallic content such as Ca, Pb, Zn, Mg, Cu, and Cd minerals, and extractable carbonates were within the standard specified for usage as a drilling fluid weighting agent. The analysed crude barite samples were basic, within the pH of 8.3 and 8.6. Locally processed barite has lower Fe, Pb, Cd, and Cu content compared to industrially accepted barite. The specific gravity increased from 4.02 ± 0.07 to 4.15 ± 0.13, and the hardness reduced potentially from 5 Mohr to 3.5 Mohr on the hardness scale. The amount of impurities was sufficiently low, and the specific gravity of the samples improved to meet the needs of any drilling operation and compare favourably with industrially accepted barite. en_US
dc.publisher Production Engineering en_US
dc.subject barite reserves, Nigeria, weighting agent, drilling fluid en_US
dc.title Characterization of barite reserves in Nigeria for use as weighting agent in drilling fluid en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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